Development 4item Though the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) has invited people towards knowledge and wisdom and encouraged them to fight against ignorance and obtain knowledge, in spite of these we find that today the majority of the people are ignorant? What were the causes of the advancement of the Muslims in the past ages? And what are the reasons for their backwardness and downfall? What is the reason that once upon a time the Muslims were ruling over many cultured nations and were the leaders of the caravan of civilization. Now they have become dependent on developed nations. What were the reasons for Muslims` development, and what are the reasons for their current retardation? Why did Muslims once rule over the majority of civilized nations on the earth as their pioneering leader whereas they are now the followers of their previous followers? Explain the reasons for the geographical expansion of Islam.