Religion and Reason 7item What is the Shia opinion on the wisdom as one of the main sources of Islam? Please explain about the relationship of “order” and “intellect”. One of the arguments that Sophists use to deny knowledge of any ultimate reality behind the sensations of human beings is that: We never ascertain that which is in the external world - at most, we conceptualize what is in it; thus it is not possible to truthfully avouch for the external existence of a thing. Please explain whether this argument is correct or not? Many Empiricists, especially partisans of the perception theory, argue that because the results of intellectual acumen and deduction are faulty and misgiving (it does not distinguish right from wrong), the only sure method of finding truth is through sense perception; for the senses have a direct relationship with the external world based on experience. Please explain whether this argument is correct or not? What is the scope of the mind in Islam and when and where can one use it regarding religious matters? If it is necessary for human beings always have a leader on rational grounds it would imply that we should always have divine leaders whereas the reality on the ground seems to show something different. For example, after the advent of Islam, we did not have any divine leadership except for a few cases wherein the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny), Imam Ali and his son Imam Hasan (Peace be upon them) ruled. Human reason is sufficient to make laws and thus there is no need for making divine laws. Please explain about this issue.