Qiblah 5item Is it correct to perform prayer in any direction in the course of a fierce battle when it is not possible to determine the direction of qiblah? Please answer the following questions: i. It is stated based on some books of Islamic law that the sun is exactly above the Ka‘bah on two days: the 25th of May and the 16th of July. In such a condition, is it possible to determine the direction of the qiblah by fixing a pole in the ground at the time of adhān in Mecca? In case the direction of qiblah in the prayer niches of masjids differs from the direction of the pole’s shadow, which one is more correct? ii. Is it correct to rely on a compass to find the qiblah? What should a person do in a place where he does not knows the direction of the qiblah for sure or with probability, i.e., all four directions enjoy equal chances to be that of the qiblah? How should one face the qiblah at the point which is the opposite to the Holy Ka‘bah on the other side of the earth so that the line drawn from the Holy Ka‘bah passing through the center of the earth comes out of the other side of the earth at this point? How is the direction of the qiblah determined and how should prayer be performed at the north and South Pole?