Remaining Junub 12item During the month of Ramadan, a person doubts before morning adhān whether he is junub or not. Then, he sleeps without ascertaining the case. After the morning adhān, he wakes up again to realize that he was junub before morning adhān. What is the ruling concerning his fast? During the month of Ramadan, a person wakes up before morning adhān and realizes that he is junub. Then, he sleeps again to rise some time after sunrise. He performs the ghusl only after the noon adhān, and says the noon and afternoon prayers. What is the ruling regarding his fast on that day? A junub person fasts for some days without knowing that being free from janābah is required for a valid fast. Do they have to pay kaffārah for the days fasted in the state of janābah, or it is enough to perform the qaḍā’ of those fasts? A person uses najis water to perform ghusl during the month of Ramadan. A week later, he remembers that the water was najis. What is the ruling concerning his prayers and fasts during that period? A person sleeps prior to, or after, morning adhān. He becomes junub, realizing it after morning adhān. How much time does he have to perform ghusl? A person woke up before the morning adhān but did not realize that he was junub and went back to sleep. Later, he woke up during the morning adhān and realized that he has been junub. What is the ruling concerning his fast? A person staying as a guest in his host’s house becomes junub at night during the month of Ramadan. As he is a guest and does not have any extra clothes, he decides to travel the following day to avoid fasting. He takes off after the morning adhān with the intention to travel without breaking the fast. The question is, does his intention to travel relieve him of the kaffārah or not? Is it permissible for one to intentionally become junub during the night in the month of Ramadan even if he does not have water or has some other excuse (except shortness of time)? Is it permissible for a junub person to perform the ghusl of janābah after sunrise and then perform a qaḍā’ or mustaḥabb fast? If one remains junub (because of some difficulty) until the morning adhān, can he/she fast the following day? If one forgets to perform the janābah ghusl during the month of Ramadan, or during other days, and remembers during the day, what is the rule in this case? A person suffers from incontinence for a limited duration, i.e., it continues for an hour or more after passing urine. What is the ruling concerning his fast if he is junub in some nights and he might wake up an hour before the morning adhān and it is probable that semen may come out with urine afterwards? What is he to do to start the fast in a state of ṭahārah?