Gift, Present, Bank Prize, Dowry, and Inheritance 13item A person deposited an amount with a Hajj travel agency in order to perform mustaḥabb Hajj, but he died before he could visit the House of Allah, the Exalted. What is the ruling concerning this money? Is it obligatory to spend it for performance of Hajj on his behalf? Is it subject to khums? I have given my daughter a residential flat as a trousseau. Is this flat subject to khums? Does khums apply to the excess over annual expenses remaining out of the sums of money paid by the Martyrs’ Foundation to a martyr’s family? Are gifts and ‘īd presents subject to khums? An insurance company owes me an amount in lieu of medical expenses, and I will receive it one of these days. Is it subject to khums? Is khums applicable to the prizes given by the banks and ribā-free loan institutions to their customers? Is khums applicable to the money that I have saved from my monthly salary to purchase things for my wedding in the future? Is it permissible for a person to give money to his wife as a gift before the end of his khums year while knowing that his wife will save the money in order to buy a house in the future or to buy them some necessities of life? The government gives things as ‘īd gifts to employees some of which remain unused until the year’s end. Although employees’ ‘īd gifts are not subject to khums, as we make partial payment for theses things, it implies that it is not fully a gift but something bought at a reduced price. Should we pay khums for the amount we have paid for it or should we calculate its total worth on the basis of its market value to pay its khums? Or is it not subject to khums at all because it is an ‘īd gift? It is mentioned in the book Taḥrīr al-Wasīlah that a woman’s dowry is not subject to khums, but it does not specify whether it is for a dowry that is paid at the time of marriage or deferred. Please explain the matter. Is the maintenance that is paid to a person by his father, brother, or a relative, considered a gift or not? If the donor has never paid khums on his assets, is it obligatory for the receiver to pay khums for the maintenance he receives from the donor? An orchard belonging to someone was transferred to his son as a gift or by the way of inheritance. At that time it was not of much value, but its present market value is much greater than its previous value. Is the excess amount resulting from the price increase subject to khums? While he was alive, a person recorded in his diary the amount of khums he owed and he was determined to pay it. After his death, his entire family, with the exception of one daughter, refused to pay the due khums, and they are using the estate for their own use and the deceased’s expenses, as well as other things. Please explain your opinion regarding the following matters: i. What is the rule concerning the right of the son-in-law or one of the heirs to use the deceased’s movable and immovable assets? ii. Is it permissible for his son-in-law or any of the heirs to eat food at the house of the deceased? iii. What is the rule regarding the money spent and food eaten by the said persons previously?