Question:
What is humanity in Islam with the quote of Quran and Hadith?

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Answer:
In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful and with the greetings of peace, in order to reach to the correct answer please take note of a number of points as below: First Point: “Humanity” is a general term and different interpretations can be made from it. If you had asked more specifically, the answer would be better and clearer. Second Point: If by humanity is meant humanism, humanity and not needing Divine Revelation, then from Islam’s point of view it is incorrect; rather, Islam has put forward ‘tawheed’ belief in Oneness of God and theocentrism and considers human beings to be bondsmen of God who in order to reach to the aim and objective of their respective lives must follow the divine religion. “And indeed raised We in every nation an apostle (of Ours) (preaching) that “Worship ye God (only), and shun ye (the worship of every kind of) idol,” so of them were some whom God guided, and of them were others on whom error was confirmed; Therefore travel ye in the earth, then see what had been the end of the beliers.” (1) It is clear that man is incapable of writing a comprehensive and complete set of laws for his own happiness. In the words of martyr Professor Motahari , how can a human being who is not able to comprehend himself properly and the outcome of whose investigation is “Human Being: the Unknown Creature” present a program for his future!? (2) Third Point: Perhaps by humanity is meant noble disposition and virtues, emotions and sentiments and human conscience in relation with other human beings so that in this case it is clear that Islam endorses such morality and ethics. In this regard there are plenty of proofs in the Holy Quran and transmitted narrations including: “And let not those with bounties among you swear against giving to their kindred, to the poor, and the emigrants in the way of God, and they should pardon and turn away (overlook); What! Love ye not that God should forgive you? And God is Oft-Forgiving, All-Merciful.” (3) Imam Zainul Abedin (peace be upon him) has said: “The final instruction that Khidr offered to Moses son of Imran (peace be upon him) was this: “No person shows leniency and tolerance towards another person in this world except that the Almighty and Majestic God shows leniency and tolerance towards him on the Day of Resurrection.” (4) Fourth Point: Perhaps humanity is meant in the sense of common human nature and the question is this that whether basically human beings possess common human nature. The answer is positive and in the Holy Quran it says: “Then set thou they face uprightly for (the right) religion, in natural devotion to the truth (following) the nature caused by God in which He hath made the people; No change can there be (by anyone else) in the creation of God; This (uprightness) is the established religion; but most people know not.” (5)

Refrence:

1.Surah “the Bee”, verse 36 2. Collected Works of Martyr Motahari (Philosophy – History, 1 – 4), vol. 15, page 165. 3. Surah “the Light”, verse 22 4. Bihar al Anwar, vol. 75, page 352. 5. Surah “the Romans,” verse 30. ----------------------- www.abp-miftah.com


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