Question:
Have any present (or recent) mujtahid published Hadith Books(KUTAB E ARBA and BIHAR UL ANWAR) with the difference of SAHIH and ZAEEF...

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Answer:
In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful We would like to thank you for getting in touch once again with the Ahl al Bayt (AS) World Assembly. Shiite jurisprudential authorities have acknowledged the validity of the “kutub Arba’ah” four books to the extent that Shaikh Ansari has not considered it improbable to believe in the authority of the well-known books including these books as being of the necessities of Shiite school of thought. Nevertheless, there is difference of opinion among Shiite scholars of erudition concerning the certainty or lack of certainty of issuance and thereafter concerning the authority and integrity of all transmitted narrations. In this regard one can refer to three viewpoints as: 1. Certainty of issuance and authority of all narratives: Traditionalists consider all the narratives of the four books to be authoritative and consider attribution of all narratives of these books to the Infallibles to be definite. Sayyid Morteza’s viewpoint is close to this viewpoint of the traditionalists. Sayyid Morteza considers most of the narrated traditions to be either frequently narrated or definitely issued. 2.integrity of all transmitted narrations and lack of certainty: Even though some Islamic jurisprudential authorities such as Fadil Touni, Molla Ahmad Naraqi and Mirza Mohammad Hossein Naeini have not accepted the certainty of all transmitted narrations of the Four Books (Kutub Arb’ah) , but they have given their opinion on the strength of their transmitted narrations. Ayatollah Khoie is quoted to have said that documentary alteration of adequately narrated traditions is the futile attempts of weaklings. 3. Doubtfulness of the majority of narrated traditions and authoritativeness of the reliable documented traditions: the current opinion of Shiite scholars of the principles of Islamic jurisprudence is that except for few frequently narrated traditions the other adequately narrated traditions are doubtful and only that set is authoritative that in terms of document qualify for being reliable even if there is difference of opinion about the conditions of reliability of the narrated tradition. (1) However the most important commentaries of the Four Books were composed during the rule of the Safavid dynasty. In these commentaries transmission chain topics have also been dealt with so that even in the present era they are counted as reliable sources for Islamic jurists and researchers such as: “Mar’aat al Uqool” (Kafi’s Commentary, written by Allamah Mohammad Baqer Majlesi), “Rowdatah al Muttaqeen”, “Commentary on ‘Tahdeeb’ written by Allama Mohammad Baqer Majlesi), “Lawama Sahebqarani”, (Commentary on “Man la Yahdhar Faqih” written by Allama Mohammad Taqi Majlesi), “Estiqsa’ al E’tibar (Commentary on Istibsar, written by Mohammad Bin Hassan Ameli, the grandson of Shahid Thani). In recent years “Kitab Kafi” has been published with critical research in 15 volumes by Dar al Hadith Publishers that among its most unique features is comprehensive research on the chain of transmission of this book and removal of objections related to textual alteration and distortion of the chain of narrators as well as solving the structural problems of Kafi’s chain of transmission. This book has been further enriched and printed with the guidance, consultations as well as commentaries of two of the living ‘marja’ sources of emulation namely distinguished ayatollahs Sayyid Musa Shobeiri Zanjani and Sheikh Jafar Sobhani. (2) On the other hand, you can study the accuracy and inaccuracy of transmitted narrations in the writings of the books on Islamic jurisprudence of contemporary ‘Mujtahid’ qualified religious jurists and the ‘Maraja-e-Taqlid’ sources of emulation. This is because basically in the position of issuer of ‘Fatwa’, the qualified Islamic jurists pay attention to the accuracy and weakness of transmitted narrations. Also, “Darayah al Nour” which is the foremost specialized software of Shiah ‘Hadith’ narration authorities has examined and restructured the chain of transmission of the four ‘Hadith’ books and the book “Wasa’il al Shi’ah” and has proceeded with identifying their narrators. The eight books of ‘Hadith’ transmitters as well as the lexicon “Rijal al Hadith” too have been inserted in this program and extensive research possibilities in various dimensions of the knowledge of the identity and reliability of Hadith transmitters have been included in it. Among the features of this software is that it gives access to users to the complete text of the Four Books, the Wasa’il al Shiah along with the possibility of examining their chain of transmission. Nowadays, both researchers and experts in Islamic jurisprudence at the theological schools make good use of this software and are not unmindful of it. This software has been prepared under the direction of Ayatollah Sayyid Mohammad Jawad Shobeiri Zanjani . (3) However, concerning the book “Bihar al Anwar” one must say that the noteworthy point in compilation of this book is that the limited use by the author of the Four Books has caused the lessening of importance of his book from the jurisprudential aspect. Moreover, despite the fact that in other fields it has achieved complete and quite obvious authority in the sphere of Shiah culture after itself, it is not counted among the standard reference books in topics of Islamic jurisprudence. On the other hand, there is difference of opinion as to the authoritativeness of Solitary Hadith (4) in non-jurisprudential topics. Thus analyzing chain of transmission is not very useful because in doctrinal, moral and historical topics what is important is the gathering of indications and evidences for reaching to certainty. For instance, sometimes, when narrative on the subject of moral issues is in harmony with human experience and innate nature, it can be invoked even if its chain of transmission is weak. Please note that weak chain of transmission does not necessarily mean that the content of the transmitted narration is fictitious and false. Nevertheless, certain contemporary erudite scholars have attempted to examine the narratives of Bihar al Anwar from the authority of transmission aspect as well. Among them is the book “Montakhab al Aathar Min Bihar al Anwar” which is in the process of publication under the guidance of Ayatollah Makarem Shiraz one of the Shi’ah “marja” sources of emulation of religious opinion. The book “Montakhab al Aathar Min Bihar al Anwar” has analyzed the ‘Hadith’ narrated traditions from the viewpoint of authority of transmitter and is set to be compiled in twenty volumes. So far 12 volumes of this written work have been published. (5) Among the other written works in this field is the book “Mashra’atah Bihar al Anwar” written by the recently deceased Ayatollah Muhammad Asif Muhseni Qandahari – among the ‘maraja’ sources of emulation of Afghanistan. He, who was one of the students of the eminent ayatollahs Hakim and Khoie, has in this writing attempted to set apart the reliable narratives from the unreliable ones of “Bihar al Anwar” on the basis of the principles of transmission of Hadith mentioned in his book “Bahouth fee Ilm al Rijal” and to analyze the various topics mentioned in the reliable transmitted narrations.

Refrence:

(1)See: Virtual Encyclopedia of the Ahl al Bayt (AS) Doctrine: https://en.wikishia.net/view/Four_Books (2)See: Website of the Nour Digital Library (Nour Library) at below address: https://www.noorlib.ir/view/fa/book/bookview/text/14599 (3)For access to this software see: website of the Islamic Sciences Computer Research Center (Nour) https://b2n.ir/649036 (4)See: portal “Al Akhbar al-Wahid” in the Virtual Encyclopedia of the Ahl al Bayt (AS) Doctrine. https://en.wikishia.net/view/Al-Khabar_al-Wahid (5)See: website of Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi: ‌ https://imamalipub.ir/product-category/qurani-doaa-hadis/kalam-masomin/page/3 / and text of the book, vol. 1, page 9, no. 8. https://cdn.makarem.ir//Publications/pdf/MontakhabAlAsar.pdf (6) https://en.wikishia.net/view/Muhammad_Asif_Muhsini -------------------------- www.abp-miftah.com


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