Question:
Is taqleed waajib? Why can't we just refer to the Qur'an and the narrations of the Ahlul Bayt, and ask an easily accessible Marajeh only when in doubt?

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Answer:
In the early days of Islam, Muslim people and companions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) used to ask their questions directly from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.). Also companions of Holy Imams (a.s.) asked their religious questions directly from Imams. Gradually, number of Muslims increased and Shiites were spread over far areas where they had no easy access to their Imams. On the other hand, due to hard conditions, Holy Imams (a.s.) were politically restricted and their connection with their followers was cut. All these elements raised a need for some religious Jurisprudents and narrators of Hadiths to explain religious laws for Shiah Muslims. Holy Imams, too, tried to train competent Shiah scholars to help people find out their religious duties. There are many historical proofs that show how Infallible Shiah Imams (a.s.) assigned their qualified pupils as a reference for common people to ask them their questions. In any case, at our time when our Holy Imam is absent from our eyes, more than ever we need religious professionals in the field of Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) and its principles (Osool) to check the authenticity of Islamic Hadiths and narrations of Ahlulbayt. (1) These professionals must deeply study whether or not there is a consensus (general agreement) on an Islamic issue by Shiah grand scholars and jurisprudents. They must also go over latest ideas of Shiah jurists and deduce new Islamic laws according to the conditions of modern age. (2) Sometimes there is doubt on an Islamic issue (the accurate verdict cannot be deduced from narrations); therefore, there is a dire need for qualified Ayatollahs who are expert in Fiqh and Osool to find out the most accurate verdict. This job is not something that ordinary people can do; that is, we (ordinary people) cannot realize the exact religious verdicts and laws just by referring to the Holy Quran and narrations. Our grand Ayatollahs and jurisprudents study different subjects of religious lessons for long, long years so that they achieve the degree of Ijtihad so that they can understand and find out Islamic laws for us. P.S. (1) Issuing fatwas cannot be done just by relying on the wordings of narrations. Our Grand Ayatollahs conduct research to find out whether the narrators of such narrations have been knowledgeable enough to have a correct understanding of what holy Imams said or not. It is not enough to simply refer to the narrations. (2) You know that for every theory, a researcher has to see the latest views on the issue.

Refrence:

Feedback Team for website in AhlulBayt (a.s) Portal www.ahl-ul-bayt.org www.abp-miftah.com


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