Question:
Is asking other than God for intercession considered as turning to other than God and is it against Unity?

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Answer:
For proving this claim, some people have said that: “every person is obligated to use his energy totally for God, turn to and trust Him, and do what the obedience to Him requires. If this person dies as a monotheist, God will appoint His Prophet (s.a) as his intercessor, unlike the one who abandons performing his obligations of servitude and acts against it. Trusting in other than God, looking forward to them-while there is no one except God being able to meet their need-and seeking refuge with them are the instances of turning to other than God, which is the of belief the idolaters and done by them. As you see, asking for intercession has been considered to be against Unity and equal to polytheism, holding that if intercession belongs to God and He intercedes just for the monotheist, the one who asks other than God for intercession is not a monotheist, but he is an idolater, so no one would intercede for him. It is obvious that it is a circular reasoning; it means that the reason has been considered as the claim. It is the question that why is this person an idolater? In fact the matter under discussion is that if anyone asks for intercession, he will be an idolater or not? Now how is it possible that this matter be considered to be definite and be stated as a reason? What is the problem with this matter if someone tells the Prophet (s.a.) that: “O Prophet (s.a.), intercede for me”, which means: يا رسول الله اُدْعٌ لى يا اِسْتَغْفِرْلى O Prophet (s.a.), pray or ask forgiveness for me”?. At the time of the Prophet (s.a.) the people used to visit him and ask for forgiveness, and this matter has explicitly been mentioned in the Holy Quran: ﴿وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُواْ أَنفُسَهُمْ جَآؤُوکَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُواْ اللهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُواْ اللهَ تَوَّابًا رَّحِيمًا﴾ and had they, when they were unjust to themselves, come to you and asked forgiveness of Allah and the messenger had (also) asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah oft-returning (to mercy), merciful”[1]. According to this verse, asking the Prophet (s.a.) for forgiveness has not only been considered to be wrong, but it has also been considered as a good act. Ya’qub’s children told him that: ﴿يَا أَبَانَا اسْتَغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا﴾ O our father! Ask forgiveness of our faults for us” [2] and he told them that: ﴿سَوْفَ أَسْتَغْفِرُ لَکُمْ﴾ I will ask for you forgiveness from my lord”[3] asking for intercession has no sense but asking the Prophet (s.a.), Imams (a.s.), the saints (a.s.), or the righteous people for praying and forgiveness on the day of Resurrection, or asking the angels for forgiveness, because the angels pray for forgiveness of the believers. Is it considered to be trusting in other than God, when someone asks the Prophet (s.a.) or the saints of God (a.s.) for doing something or an intercession ?!, and Is it considered to be turning from God and trusting in other than Him, when someone asks the Prophet (s.a.) to pray for him?! This person trusts in God, but he wants the Prophet (s.a.) to pray for him.

Refrence:

[1] Nisa’ Sura: 64 [2] Yusuf Sura: 97 [3] Yusuf Sura: 98 ------------------------------ www.makarem.ir


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