Question:
Is asking a dead person to pray considered as worshiping him?

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Answer:
Some people believe that it is desirable to ask an alive person, who is capable of doing that, for praying and it is not worship, while asking a dead person who is not capable of doing that, for praying or anything else is a kind of worship, so the one who does this act is an idolater. We say in reply to them that firstly, life and death (existence, non-existence) of the one who is asked is not a ground for worship, polytheism and Unity. How would it be possible that asking an alive person (to pray) be considered as Unity but asking a dead one (to pray) be considered as polytheism?, While the nature of the act is same in both requests and in one case an alive person and in another a dead one is asked. None of the Unitarians regard death and life as grounds for polytheism and unity. Although (the factors of) death and life can influence the request but not the Unity or polytheism. Secondly, the reasoning of those who believe that asking a dead person to pray is polytheism, bases on this belief of them that death of the prophets and the saints is the end of their life and there isn’t any intermediate world for them, while in the first question of this chapter, it was obviously proved that the martyrs, the prophets, the saints and even the sinners are alive even after their death. Thirdly, every request and calling will be considered as polytheism, if one believes in the divinity of the person who is asked and maintains this idea that the affairs been vested in him. In this situation, if one asks that person (whether he is alive or not) for something, it will be considered as worshiping him. But asking a person will not be related to polytheism, if one believes that he is a pious person whose supplication will be accepted by God, the same as the holy Prophet (s.a.) who has been praised for this attribute by all the Muslims of the world. [1]

Refrence:

[1] The selection of truth guidance ------------------------------ Ref: www.makarem.ir


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