What is the argument of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) for refuting the opinion of Sunnis regarding seeing Allah?

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Hisham ibn Salim says that: “I was in the presence of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) when Muawiyah ibn Wahab and Abdul-Malik ibn A’yn entered [the house]”. Muawiyah ibn Wahab looked at Imam Sadiq (a.s.) and said: “O son of the Messenger of Allah, I want to know your opinion about two narrations; the first one is that the Messenger of Allah has seen Allah! and the second one is that the faithful people will see Allah in paradise! I want to know how they can see Him?” Imam Sadiq (a.s.) smiled and said: “O Muawiyah! It is a shame that a seventy or eighty-year old person lives in the land of Allah and uses His blessings, but he does not know Allah as He deserves”. Then he continued that: “O Muawiyah, Muhammad (s.a.w) has not seen Allah with eye, we have two kinds of seeing: 1- seeing by heart, 2- seeing by eye. Therefore if anyone considered seeing Allah as seeing by heart, he would realize it correctly, and if anyone considered it as seeing by eye, he would not have faith in Allah and His signs; because the Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “one who liken Allah to His creatures is heathen”. [1] Woe to them, have they not heard this Allah’s saying that:﴿لاَّ تُدْرِكُهُ الأَبْصَارُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الأَبْصَارَ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِي﴾“Vision comprehends Him not, and He comprehends (all) vision; and He is the Knower of subtleties, the Aware”. [2]Have they not heard that Allah stated this holy verse addressed to Musa (a.s.) that:﴿قَالَ لَن تَرَانِي وَلَكِنِ انظُرْ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ فَإِنِ اسْتَقَرَّ مَكَانَهُ فَسَوْفَ تَرَانِي فَلَمَّا تَجَلَّى رَبُّهُ لِلْجَبَلِ جَعَلَهُ دَكًّا وَخَرَّ موسَى صَعِقًا فَلَمَّا أَفَاقَ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنَاْ أَوَّلُ الْمُؤْمِنِي﴾ [3]“Allah said: O Musa, You cannot (bear to) see Me but look at the mountain, if it remains firm in its place, then will you see Me; but when his Lord manifested His glory to the mountain He made it crumble, whereas what shined to the mountain from Allah’s light was like a weak light which shines from the eye of the needle and at the same time it destroyed the earth and mountains and Musa fell down in a swoon; then when he recovered, he said: Glory be to Thee, I repent for saying of a person who thinks that You can be seen and I turn to You that eyes cannot see You, and I am the first of the believers, and I am the first one who professes that You see all, and You cannot be seen, and You are in a upper view”.


[1] Bihar al- Anwar, vol. 36, p. 406, tradition no. 16. [2] Quran, Al-An’am, verse. 103. [3] Quran, Al-'A`raf, verse. 143. ------------------------------ Ref:

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