Question:
What is the viewpoint of the household of the Prophet (a.s.) about seeing Allah?

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Answer:
It is understood from the statements of the household of the Prophet (a.s.) that seeing with eyes is impossible, but seeing with heart -interpreted as inner founding- is possible for believers. 1- Muhammad ibn Fazil says that: “I asked Imam Riza (a.s.): has the Prophet (s.a.w.) seen his creator? His holiness answered: “he has seen Him with his heart; have not you heard the statement of the Almighty and the Glorious Allah that:﴿مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى﴾ [1]“The heart was not untrue in (making him see) what he saw”. [2] 2- Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said in answer to a person asked about the possibility of seeing Allah in the resurrection day that: “seeing with heart will never be like seeing with eyes; Allah is beyond the description of unbelievers”. [3] 3- A man from Kharijites came to Imam Baqir (a.s.) and said that: “O Aba Ja’far! What do you worship?” his holiness answered: “I worship Allah”. That man asked again that: “have you seen Him?” his holiness said: “eyes will not see Him, but hearts will find Him with the truth of faith …”. [4] 4- Yaqub ibn Ishaq says that: “I wrote a letter to Aba Muhammad (a.s.) and asked him that: “how does man worship his creator, while he does not see Him? His holiness (a.s.) wrote back to him: “O Aba Yusuf! The Master, Guardian and Blessing-sender of my fathers and I is beyond being seen”. I asked that: “has the Prophet (s.a.w.) seen his creator?” his holiness wrote back to him: “the Almighty and Glorified Allah showed the light of His greatness as much as He wanted to His Messenger (s.a.w.) through his heart”. [5] 5- Ismail ibn Fazl says that: “I asked Imam Sadiq (a.s.) that will Allah be seen in the resurrection day? His holiness answered: “exalted be Allah, and He is beyond this meaning, O son of Fazl! Eyes only understand things which have color and quality, while Allah is the creator of colors and qualities”. [6] Allamah Tabataba’i (r.a.) says that: “the Almighty Allah proves a kind of vision and seeing which is other than sensory visual seeing, and that is a kind of inner intelligence in man reached without using the sensory and mental means, and under the light of that, a kind of knowledge of Allah will be gained which differs from the rational knowledge; this knowledge is that very inner conscience and vision which is not covered, it never keeps man unaware of Him and does not keep him busy with another one, this is the meaning of meeting Allah which will be granted to righteous people in the resurrection day …”.[7] [8]

Refrence:

[1] Quran, An-Najm, verse. 11. [2] Tawhid Saduq, p. 107, tradition no. 15. [3] Tawhid Saduq, p. 107, tradition no. 17. [4] Tawhid Saduq, Bab Ma Ja’ fi al- Ru`yah, tradition no. 5. [5] Kafi, vol. 1, p. 95, Bab fi Ibtal al- Ru`yah. [6] Bihar al- Anwar, vol. 4, p. 31. [7] Al- Mizan, vol. 8, p. 252 and 253. [8] Ali Asghar Rizwani, Salafism and Answering to the Doubts, p. 234. ------------------------------ Ref: www.makarem.ir


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