Question:
Is seeking help from other than Allah against Unity?

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Answer:
From one hand, as a monotheist just worships Allah, he just seeks help from Him in his worldly and eternal life. For this reason Allah has related unity in help to the unity in worship and ordered Muslims to say in their five obligatory daily prayers that: “Thee do we serve and Thee do we beseech for help.” Separating these two facts from each other and considering worship other than Allah illegal and considering seeking help from another save Allah lawful is against the holy Quran. Muslims just worship Allah and just seek help from Him. From the other hand, all the wise people, whether be monotheist or not, and prophets and good men have always sought help from other than Allah. Allah also ordered us to seek help from other than Him. for example He says in this verse: “And seek assistance through patience and prayer…” (1) He has also told us the story of Zi al-Qarnayn who sought help from the nation of Yajuj and Majuj: “He said: that in which my Lord has established m is better, therefore you only help me with workers…” (2) Allah has also ordered Muslims to help whoever seeks help from them : “… and if they seek aid form you in the matter of religion , aid is incumbent on you…” (3) What should we do now? According to some verses of Quran everybody should just seek help from Allah but according to others he should seek help from other than Him! For solving this problem the real meaning of seeking help from the Almighty God should be clarified to distinguish it from seeking help from other than Him which is the base of social relationship. Seeking help from other than Allah is divided into two groups: 1. Seeking help from a natural or an unnatural element (cause) holding that it's effect is dependent on Allah i.e. that element can solve man's problems with the permission of Allah. This kind of seeking help is not separated from seeking help from Allah because it implies that Allah has given these elements those effects and whenever He wants He will deprive them of those. For example, when a farmer uses natural elements like the sun, water and earth, he really seeks help from whom he has given these elements the power to cause to grow, to bear fruits and to ripen them. 2. Seeking help from a human or a natural or an unnatural element holding that it exists or acts separately from Allah. Undoubtedly, this belief is polytheism and this kind of seeking help is worship. For example, if a farmer uses mentioned elements holding that they exist or act separately from Allah, he is polytheist and his act is worship. Now it will be clear that according to the first group of verses everybody should seek help just from Allah and He is the only helper but the second group of verses indicates seeking help from other than Allah and considers it/him as a helper alongside Allah. If the real meaning of these two groups of verses be realized, it will be obvious that they are not different from each other. According to those verses restricting seeking help to Allah, there isn’t any perfect and independent cause, not in its existence nor in its effect, except Allah but according to those verses considering seeking help from other than Allah lawful there are some causes in the universe being dependent on Allah in their existence and effect and they work with the permission and power of Allah and if Allah had not given them that power and not wanted people to seek help from them , they couldn’t have done anything. Therefore Allah is the real helper and seeking help from other than Him as an independent helper is not possible. For this reason seeking help is restricted to Allah. From the other hand seeking help from other than Allah as a power dependent on Allah not only is possible but also is not against seeking help from Allah because: first: seeking help from Allah is different from seeking help from another save Him. Seeking help from Allah is based on this belief that He helps us independently and in essence while seeking help from other than Him is based on this belief that it /he helps us relying on Allah's power not by itself. The first kind of seeking help is restricted to the Almighty God but it does not make it necessary that the second kind of seeking help is peculiar to Allah too. Second: this kind of seeking help is not separated from seeking help from Allah but is the same as that. For a monotheist who believes that everything in the universe is dependent on Allah there is no way except this. (4)

Refrence:

1. Al-baghare, verse: 45 2. Al-kahf, verse: 95 3. Al-infitar, verse:72 4. The aspects of Shi’ite’s creed, p.86 ------------------------------ Ref: www.makarem.ir


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