Question:
Were any person among Sahaba and Followers who prostrate on the ground?

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Answer:
It is interesting that acts of Sahaba and a group of people who were after them (and are called “Tabi’een” (followers)) show that they also prostrated on the ground, for instance: 1- Jaber ibn Abdullah Ansari says: “I was praying with prophet of Allah (s.a.); I took some gravel in my hand and pass them through the hands in order to cool them down, it was because of extremity of heat”. [1] This Hadith shows clearly that Sahaba of Prophet (s.a.) did insist on prostrating on the ground, even they had found a solution for heat problem. If prostration on the ground was not obligatory, then what was the necessity of this laborious act? 2- Anas ibn Malik says: “We were with prophet of Allah (s.a.) in hot weather; some of us were keeping gravels in our hands until they cooled down, then we were putting them on the ground and prostrating on them”. [2] This expression also shows that this act had been customary among Sahaba. 3- Abu Obayda quotes: “Abdullah ibn Mas’ood never prostrated (or he said performed prayer) unless on the ground”. [3] If the purpose of ground was carpet, then there was no need to tell, therefore it means dust, clay, stone, gravel, etc. 4- It is mentioned in the book “Haalaat” by Masrooq ibn Ajda’ one of friends of Ibn Mas’ood: “He had never permitted anyone to prostrate on other than earth, even when he was getting on a ship he was carrying something there to prostrate on it". [4] 5- Ali ibn Abdullah ibn Abbas wrote to “Razin”:”Send a flat piece of stone from Marwa for me to prostrate on”. [5] 6- It is mentioned in another quote in the book Fath Albari (explanation of Sahih of Bokhari): “Omar ibn Abdulaziz had not sufficed to prostrate on Khumrah (sennit mat/Sajjada), but he had put some clay on that and had prostrate on them”. [6] What do we understand from all these news? Is it anything else than the way of Sahaba and after them, in first centuries, was to prostrate on the ground that contains clay, stone, gravel, etc.? Now if some of Muslims want to keep this tradition alive, should it be called heresy?! Shouldn’t Sonni Faqihs move to keep this tradition of Prophet (s.a.) alive, the act that shows the extremity of humility for Allah and is compatible with nature of prostration? In hope of that day.

Refrence:

[1] Musnad of Ahmad, vol. 3, p. 327; Sunan of Beihaghi, vol. 1, p. 439. [2] Sunan Alkobra by Beihaghi, vol. 2, p. 106. [3] Musnaf of Ibn Abi Shiba, vol. 1, p. 397. [4] Tabaghat Alkobra by Ibn Sa’d, vol. 6, p. 53. [5] Akhbar -e- Mecca by Arzaqi, vol. 2, p. 151. [6] Fath Albari, vol. 1, p. 410 ------------------------------ Ref: Shia Answers; Ayt. Makarem Shirazi; Translated by: Bahador Shirazian


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