Question:
Salamun Aleikum. My question is regarding temporary marriage i.e. Muta.1. Is Muta Halal or Haraam according to Shiism? 2. Is it true that Muta was legal at the time of Prophet (pbuh) and Umar banned it on his own? 3. If it is Halal then what are the necessary conditions and procedure for Muta. Please answer in detail.4. How one can approach to a woman for Muta since she would be a Namahram for him before the temporary marriage?

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Answer:
1- Mut'ah is a type of marriage in Islam in which both man and women agree on a period of time for the marriage as well as the Mahr (dowry). The period of the marriage can be reduced if the husband wants to leave the remaining time. If they want to be together more the agreed time, they can after the expiry or leaving the remaining time, have another agreement with fresh Mahr and fresh period. 2- Mut'ah marriage was always allowed during the time of the Prophet (SAWA) and after him, till Omar Bin al Khattab banned it. All Imams (a.s) of Ahlul Bayt (a.s) and many Sunni Ulama are still on the rule of the Prophet (SAWA) that Mut'ah marriage is allowed, and will remain allowed till the Day of Judgment. 3- The procedure is she and he aggree on Mahr and period of the marriage, and she or her deputy should tell him: Zawwajtoka Nafsee Alal Mahril Ma'loom, Lilmuddatil Ma'looma. He or his deputy should reply: Qabilto al Tazweej linafsee. Mut'ah can be done with any Muslim woman or from Ahl-e-Kitab and it is not allowed with woman who is not a Muslim and not from Ahl-e-Kitab. The woman must be currently unmarried and not in Iddah of Talaq or Iddah of Wafat (death of her previous husband which is 4 months and 10 days). According to Ayatullah Sistani, you need permission from your Muslim wife if you want to get Mut'ah marriage with a woman from Ahl-e-Kitab. If the girl is virgin, you need the permission of her father or her parental grandfather. 4- Same as you approach any woman for marriage. Wassalam Mohammad al-Musawi

Refrence:

Ref: www.wabil.info


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